BATAK MEN …LISTEN TO YOUR OPPOSITE SEX FEMALE BATAK IS NOT REALLY HAPPY THE WAY YOU MALE FREAK BEHAVIOUR/ATTITUTE NEED TO REFORM YOUR LIFE STYLE.

Batak Christian Women Facing Violence:

(A Scientific Study on the Experience of women in the Batak Adat-Culture and Interpretation of Religious Experience)

Preface

Its logic if there sating that the world is belongs to women, why? Due to majority of resident in world are women. The whole seat in the church also stayed by women, domestic works intended to women. The existence is the reality, but over burden on women not equivalent to award. Even women mostly shoulder suffering at multi dimension and tends be more significant. This is tragic in which women none of awareness and regardless everything.

In many aspects of Batak’s life, man has more attention than women. Moreover, women had never been participated in decision maker while the man used to be spoke’s person in Batak culture. Women stereotyped as illogic and feeling were minded, no skill to lead, even it accused as a tempter. For women widow, a negative voice is not only coming from man but also from women itself. Widow is seen as tempter and naughty particularly for other household. Therefore pressures to women in day by day tends to increase and dangerous. Our culture and custom still put insight Patriarchy where man as a very important person (VIP) and women as second class.

Some cultural values in Batak

Majority of Indonesian culture are Patriarchy, which is the highest decision belongs to man. The others values are:

Clan / Marga : relation between lineage of one group internally and Patriarchy. Meanings, man as beneficiaries of hybrid line.

Tri Angulations / Dalihan natolu: Triangle aspect inside of culture: Somba marhula-hula (Respect to law in family), Elek marboru (preserve to women family) and manat mardongan tubu (appreciate to similar family/genus). This is a three angle that put the law in father/mother family as a Kingdom. So, in practically this is happened within church ministry. As women pastor/reverend often would appreciate during of preaching on the pulpit but after that she asked to clean plate or glass in the cooking room.

Hamoraon, Hagabeon, Hasangapon : There are three the target way of life in Batak. Hamoraon means Wealth, Hagabeon means good generation and Hasangapon means Prestige.

Heritage / Warisan : Woman right in Batak is Follower. She has no right to have in herit unless something offering.

Money’s Token/Sinamot (mas kawin) / Tuhor / boli (buyer) : This is a token for legal transaction between man and woman. That is why, man easy doing violence to woman.

Motherhood/parsonduk bolon : An expression to woman as a good treasure. Wife is trusted to keep the money. She has to manage well all domestic expenses and social services.

Interpretation to Culture and Customary

The research is to analyze the impact of interpretation in cultural value against women injustice. For temporary observation, there are so many interpretations among Batak people on women suffering.

In Batak culture is known a perception on: Pardijabu (house mad), where women intended to be domestic servant. This could be shown inside of church of HKBP including opinion built of church leader of HKBP.

In wedding party is known something called as Tuhor means BUYER or a something delivered to women family. So then, women were being presented to man family including the basic rights of women. It is why women had position lower than man, also in case man doing violence to women is normally happened. This is what I have shouldered in my household.

The others, what we called as Dalihan Natolu or Triangle aspect inside of culture: Somba marhula-hula (Respect to law in family), Elek marboru (preserve to women family) and manat mardongan tubu (appreciate to similar family/genus). This is a three angle that put the law in father/mother family as a Kingdom. So, in practically this is happened within church ministry. As women pastor/reverend often would appreciate during of preaching on the pulpit but after that she asked to clean plate or glass in the cooking room.

In Batak’s culture, is known that men are the King (Raja) and Women are the daughter’s of the King (Boru ni Raja). This most important when the decision should taken by Men only. Even the decision on women’s life should delivered by spoken men (Raja Parhata) and Women would be asked to serve those of people’s meeting.

Generation sense: when a couple married, the big family member expects for a new generation (hagabeon). If it too long time, they will look for other ways including medical effort and traditional. This so very often women intended that the women is being trouble making therefore any reason to seek another woman.

 Heritage: when a women goes die without man generation, it will be disqualified from family history even no normal procession ceremony for cemetery.

Wealth/Together ownership: woman without good generation will not have the right for wealth or ownership. The right will be moved to other man brothers.

When Get Birth: soon peoples will ask the gender. If man should be good and in contrary woman, should be stated for other places as breeding life.

Different attitude: due to perception on gender in Batak life, it can be shown different attitude to man and women. Mostly parents feel satisfy to have man than women.

Education priority: priority will be privileged to man than woman. This is considered that man will be chief of household.

In Batak’s culture, is known that men are the King (Raja) and Women are the daughter’s of the King (Boru ni Raja). This most important when the decision should taken by Men only. Even the decision on women’s life should delivered by spoken men (Raja Parhata) and Women would be asked to serve those of people’s meeting.

Marriage: Parent dreams their daughter should have couple from sister son of his family. This is proposed for sustainable relationship. If her age over 25 fives her parent will be worried that she has no partner.

Divorce: there some types of divorce in Batak. Firstly, there is no children, chronic disease, affair, moved back to her family. But man has no consequence on above factors.

Women unmarried: intended as kids, without husband even her die will not be appreciated.

Interpretation of Bible

The research aims to analyze how the church with strong tradition in Batak rooted under patriathical principle, do nothing to freedom and justice. Even though Christian doctrine is assumed more recognize equity and egalitarian principles among man and women, free from gender discrimination, but it seems that misinterpretation of Bible text against the whole contains of Bible and Christian tradition also has taken part in making violence behavior to women.

Human Creation:

Genesis 1:26-28 : many peoples interpreted the chronologic of human creation as: the man created first, than the women. This paradigm sets as a model to override women’s role and function, either in the Church, household, civil society and tradition community.

Genesis 2:4-25 : This periscope is frequently interpreted as male supremacy and women inferiority. The man created first so that possesses authority and dominancy, whiles woman as helper is subordinate of a man. Let see the verse from Genesis 2:18 which said “a help meet for him (man)”. In many terms of Indonesian Language quoted that a help from women is the helper role (pembantu / pangurupi). Does it true that women as helper to man? This means woman as subordinate of man, there is no egalitarian principles. Otherwise the Women had no right to stand similarity. This verse should translate as partner in the whole of household. The basic right as well as the human Right Charter is the common principle of Men and Women relationship. Statement on “And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man” (Genesis 2:22), this often perceptional that man was firstly or primary and woman was secondly. Without man would not being woman.

Relationship between man and women (Genesis 3:16-24) : Adam and Eve have been created for the unity of life, for same reason according to God image, are responsible independently and jointly maintain orderliness of the responsibility. Adam and Eve deserve the punishment for their fault and sin. Women will suffer pain in conception, in sorrow shall bring forth children, and men shall rule over women. Men shall suffer difficulties to fulfil his necessity for a lifetime until his return unto the ground, for out of it was taken: ashes to ashes, dust to dust. Nevertheless, this periscope is frequently interpreted and be used to limit women’s right to have proper career, as if impressing women function only containing, give a birth, take care of children (domestic work), while men work outdoorsly.

Relationship between Husband and Wife (Ephesus 5:22) : The most often verse quoted from the Bible when wedding blessing is “Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husband” (Ephesians 5:22). Even this periscope is concerning to each position of man and woman in one household, but the preacher is very often focusing on woman should obey to husband and said wives, submit yourselves unto your own husband. While to man side, it had no focusing on the necessity to respect the women as his partner in life. So far, mostly man preachers have not understood yet about partnership in gender perspective. The surrender context of a wife in this periscope shall not be interpreted as dominancy of a husband over his wife. Both husband and wife is independent subject who shall defer to God. A wife must obey her husband as she obeys God. At the other side, a husband must love his wife totally with all his life, in the same manner as Christ has given His life. In short, both husband and wife as a partner shall override his ego and give mutual attention to the interest of its partner. Nevertheless, this periscope is frequently interpreted as woman should obey to husband (man). In this case, the existence of man as a “King” and women as “servant/helper” is affirmed. Consequently, women have become a victim of discrimination.

I Corinthians 11:2-16 : This periscope is frequently interpreted to empower male position who accentuates its authority. In Batak’s culture, patriarch is interpreted as “uluan” which has absolute authority, govern the law and entitled to give sanction to whom not obey his order. This absolute authority is used to take decision in the household, society, even in the Church.

Women’s right to talk in the Church (I Corinthians 14 : 33-35) : this periscope emphasize male position in Batak’s culture as “Parhata” as the main speaker in the Church, while women become a passive audience. This periscope is also frequently used as justification to limit women’s freedom to talk and express its thinking and ideas. This limitation has occurred not only in the household, but also culture dialogue, even in the Church as well.

In wedding liturgy of HKBP stated to man, never left your wife whatever would be happened, meanwhile to women said, despite the husband would be careless, cruel and brutal you should be obey and patient. Moreover the man did affair in love with others or denied.

Many other words in the Old Testament has put woman as source of sins especially at periscope of Genesis. Look at this: And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Genesis 2: 16-17). This is the most important which made many peoples had interpretation on woman as sinner in the beginning of world. It was different happened if suppose Adam ate first the fruit, wasn’t it?

Today’s Women: some notes

Acknowledged that this era living better than before but perception on this context still stagnant. Either in the Bible text command to justice and harmony nor in the culture never encourages people to be disharmony. Therefore, it takes time to understand deeply on how come this interdependent and dependent or contrary. I am being challenged to find a better solution on Woman Batak Violence through Indonesia University.

 

3 Comments

  1. roysianipar said,

    hello batak geblek please read this …..hope you can feel batak female loves
    you all batak male chasing javanese islam women and batak females in batak land were waiting for you to return single but you didnt…….still waiting for your return………………………..no matter when.

  2. apples said,

    I need help finding out what language Batak people speak

  3. Dame Simanjuntak said,

    I don’t agree with some points you raised in the article. As a Batak woman, I don’t experience most of the things you mentioned. I really want to discuss with you about the situation of Batak woman, just let me know the best way. But anyway, thanks for encouraging Batak men to better treat their fellow women.

    Blessings,
    Dame

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